These trees were known as penjing, a Chinese term meaning”tray scene,” or penzai,”tray plant.”
In China, Zen Buddhists prized these dwarfed trees, which were found in the wild and full of twists and knots. Of no practical value, they have been thought of as full of natural energy due to their uncultivated nature. Later, as the prevalence of the art spread, techniques were developed to cultivate dwarfed trees in order to fulfill demand that exceeded the availability of wild specimens. They were popular among scholars and the wealthy, who used potted trees to accent their elaborate gardens.
In Japan, the influence of Zen aesthetics and the idea of”beauty in austerity” led to the creation of a distinctly Japanese style. Bonsai, a Japanese pronunciation of penzai, emphasized a single ideal tree as opposed to emulating a natural landscape. In the 14th century, the term for these potted trees was hachi-no-ki,”tree in a bowl,” indicating that at this time, the trees had been planted in deep strands of Chinese style. Bonsai as a term became popular in the 17th century, when practices shifted to use shallow Japanese-style trays to cultivate bonsai; the method preferred now.
The Chinese tree-sculpting techniques expanded to include a variety of tools and practices designed to produce an illusion of age and wildness in the cultivated trees. These included special pruning techniques that produce natural-seeming branch breaks and openings rather than artificial stumps, wiring and pruning to shape branches, and a suite of bark-removal methods that create dead wood, to be able to simulate the appearance of trees that have been damaged by fire, struck by lightning, or otherwise exposed to natural hardships in their lifetime. Development of these techniques continues into the modern day.
The Great Barrier Reef Facts are as astounding as the actual reef itself. There is so much wonder and amusing details about it that so many individuals have become so enthusiastic about this terrific Australian natural wonder. It is vast marine life, its sun-kissed beaches, it is warm turquoise waters and all the memorable memories, experiences, and miracles awaiting those who visit.
Perhaps from all of Australia’s natural gifts, the Barrier Reef is the most remarkable of them all. It is the world’s largest coral reef. This reef comprises an abundance of marine life and contains of over 3000 individual coral cays and reef systems and literally hundreds and hundreds of picturesque tropical islands with some of the world’s most beautiful sun-soaked, golden beaches.
Not surprisingly, the Great Barrier Reef is one of the seven wonders of the natural world. And so, pulling back and taking a look at it, from a distance, one would readily understand why. It is thought of as larger than the Great Wall of China; and has been claimed to be the only living thing on earth that is visible from space. This magnificent reef really stretches over 2,600 km.
Tourism earned from the Reef earn over AU$ 4-5 billion per year; which makes it a very lucrative source of external income. It has thirty species of whales, dolphins, and porpoises are recorded in the reef as well. It was also studied that six species of sea turtles come to the reef to breed.
And about vegetation, there are 215 species of birds. This includes 22 species of seabirds, and 32 species of shorebirds that visit the reef or nest or roost on the islands. Aside from that, there are 17 species of sea snakes that live and flourish in the Great Barrier Reef. There are over 1,500 species of fish which live on the world.
Amazing Barrier Reef cities include Cairns, Townsville, Rockhampton, Mckay, Bundaberg, and Maryborough possess a sense of individuality which made them independent centers which do not rely on Brisbane. This is all located in Queensland, which is unique amongst the Australian states as it has a huge number of genuine coastal capitals.
Back in 2006, there were approximately 820 operators and 1500 vessels and aircraft permitted to operate in the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park providing the ease of accessibility for everyone to experience the Great Barrier Reef and learn about its Natural wonders and breathtaking World Heritage values.
Another interesting Great Barrier Reef fact is that it is a breeding area for humpback whales, migrating from the Antarctic and is also the habitat of a few endangered species including the Dugong or the Sea Cow and the large Green Sea Turtle. In recognition to its significance, the Great Barrier Reef was declared as a World Heritage Site in the year 1981.
A closer encounter with the Great Barrier Reef’s impressive coral gardens show a lot of astounding marine life attractions which include the world’s largest collection of corals (easily over 400 corals as a matter of fact). Additionally, it includes mollusks, stingrays, sponges, dolphins, over 1500 species of fish, over 200 types of birds, around 20 kinds of reptiles including sea turtles and giant clams over 120 years old.
As we enter mid-spring and the weather eventually starts to warm up a little, we expect to see quite a few thunderstorms in Oregon. Inspiring awe in certain while scaring the trousers off others (but not ME, I’m definitely not scared of lightning. But what exactly is it?
It is not quite clear how the clouds attain these charges in the first place, but one theory is that different forms of liquid (vapor, water and ice droplets) collide as they rise and fall inside a cloud. In the crash, electrons are knocked off of the moisture and they gather at the base of the cloud, producing the negative charge. It’s thought that rising moisture then carries a positive charge to the top of the cloud. The charge separation within the cloud is what generates an electric field, the strength of which can be linked to the quantity of charge buildup in the cloud.
When the electric charge inside the cloud becomes very powerful, the air becomes ionized (the positive ions and electrons are spaced further apart than before and the electrons can move more freely.) The powerful ionization causes the atmosphere to begin to break down, allowing for currents to flow in an attempt to neutralize the charge. These currents are known as leaders, and they provide a path through the cloud for the lightning to follow. The first (or stepped) leader doesn’t move smoothly, but jumps in a jagged fashion. Many leaders form at precisely the same time, but the first one to make contact with the ground is the one that gets the lightning.
The entire process is a bit more complex, but there you have the fundamentals of how lightning is formed.
Lightning is a complex phenomenon with many exceptions and variations. Sometimes it shows up in the most unexpected of places.
For example, do you understand:
Why We See Lightning During Volcanic Eruptions?
If you saw photos of the eruption of Icelandic volcano Eyjafjallajökull that erupted in 2010, you might have seen lightning within the plumes of smoke and thought that they definitely need to be photoshopped. Not so!
There’s still research being conducted to the definitive cause behind lightning within the smoke plumes of volcanoes, but the overall consensus involves, of all things, dust. The idea is that dust/smoke/ash particles carry little charges which become amplified during the chaos of racing from a volcano. With every collision of one particle with a different one, the charges become more and more polarized until lightning is unavoidable since the polarization becomes too great for the air to withstand the flow of electricity. The lightning neutralizes the charge separation, essentially relieving the strain of polarization.
There is another lesser known sort of volcanic lightning, however, which happens right at the mouth of the volcano and is significantly less orderly (not the normal branching, bolting lightning we are used to seeing), manifesting as chaotic sparks probably as the result of a heavy charge within the volcano itself.
How Many Different Types of Lightning You will find?
The Common classifications are as follows:
Cloud-to-cloud (intercloud, which is lightning moving between separate clouds, and intracloud, which is lightning moving in the same cloud).
Cloud-to-ground (Less common but more dangerous than cloud to cloud. If anything on the earth is struck by lightning, it was cloud-to-ground.)
Cloud-to-sky (Also called sprites, cloud-to-sky lightning occurs in the upper atmosphere. They lack the hot temperatures of other kinds of lightning, and normally have a reddish-orange hue.)
Lightning is also occasionally further specified as:
Bead lightning (The corrosion of the luminosity of the bolt of lightning, causing a beaded look. This happens very quickly and is hard to capture.)
St. Elmo’s Fire This is not actually lightning, but often closely associated with it and noticed during electrical storms. St. Elmo’s Fire (not to be confused with ball lightning as it often is) is the result of a gap in electrical charge. It’s made from plasma (ionized air that emits a glow) and, while lightning is the movement of power from a charged point, St. Elmo’s Fire is a coronal discharge that sparks up at the place where there’s a drastic difference in charge between the atmosphere and an object such as the mast of a boat or the steeple of a church. St. Elmo’s Fire is the identical thing that happens in a fluorescent tube- essentially a continuous spark, glowing blue due to the particular mix of air molecules. It may also choose a purple color.
St. Elmo’s Fire is quite difficult to find accurate images or videos of. Many videos exist that claim to be St. Elmo’s Fire but are actually just static discharge (a frequent phenomenon around planes in the middle of storms). An easy way to tell the difference is that St. Elmo’s Fire doesn’t look like lightning- instead it emits a continuous glow.
Ball lightning- The most mysterious sort of”lightning”, there is some dispute among scientists as to whether ball lightning actually exists. Arc faults along power lines (which appear as large, impossibly bright balls of light) and photographic anomalies are equally to blame for the confusion.
If you are in the water when a storm starts, get out of the water as fast as you can.
Lightning strikes will follow anything that conducts electricity, so keep off your mobile telephone during a storm and turn off/unplug your computers. If lightning strikes your property, even the strongest of surge protectors will have trouble protecting your equipment. (Radio waves do not conduct electricity, so as long as your mobile phone isn’t plugged into an outlet and you are not standing outside during the storm using the metallic apparatus held to your face, it is safe to use it. They do not inexplicably”attract” lightning over any other item with metal inside ).
Lightning does actually strike twice (the Empire State building is struck 20-25 times a year), so don’t rely on old adages for your security details.
If you’re caught in a thunderstorm and can’t get inside to security, crouch low to the ground but don’t lay flat. Try to keep as much of your body from touching the floor as you can, since you are in more danger of being hurt by currents traveling across the ground after a lightning strike than of being stricken directly by a bolt.
Ten seconds equals 2 miles, etc..
Lightning in Mythology
One has only to see an electric storm themselves to comprehend why so many individuals have associated lightning and thunder with deity. A few popular legends and myths about lightning:
Zeus (Jupiter to the Romans) is the planetary god of thunder, and his primary weapon is the thunderbolt (given to him by the Cyclops).
The Thunderbird common to North American indigenous cultures is thought to create thunder by the beating of its wings, and lightning is created by glowing snakes it carries or directly from its eyes.
There is so much more to learn about lightning in all of its various incarnations. It is a stark reminder of the incredible strong forces of nature that surround us on all sides. Regardless of how much we learn about it on a scientific level, we may always be inclined to associate this unbelievable force with deity.
Four leaf clover is the world’s most well recognized good luck symbol. Here are 25 facts you might not know about the popular Four leaf clover.
A Four Leaf Clover is actually an mutation of the shamrock (a clover with only three-leaf), it could only happen in roughly 1 in 10,000 shamrocks.
Lucky clover, rabbit’s foot, and horseshoes are the most typical good luck charms of North America.
According to Irish legend, St. Patrick used the Shamrock’s three leaves to teach the pagans about Christianity. It symbolized the Holy Trinity with each leaf representing the Father, Son, and Holy Ghost. When it’s found with the extra fourth leaf, it represents God’s Grace.
The most significant clover collection is by George J. Kaminski (b. 1951) that has single-handily collected 72,927 mutated Clovers since 1995. They were collected from fields within prison grounds in Pennsylvania, USA.
The new world record for the Most Clovers Found in the Fastest Time is May 20th, 2010 by John Christian Stokes, 10, who discovered three within 20 minutes while playing with his brother outside his home in Dickson. Burns, TN.
The Guinness world record for the biggest collection of clovers belongs to Edward Martin Sr. from Cooper Landing, Alaska, USA, with 111,060 lucky clovers, as of May 2007, which he’s been collecting since 1999.
On March 17th, 2010, Fox News reported”Irish Shamrock Shortage Has St. Patrick’s Day Celebrations on Shaky Ground”, and because there is only one lucky lover in every 10,000 shamrocks, making the lucky clover nearly impossible to find.
Steve Colbert was quoted on March 17th, 2010,”The shamrock signify the Holy Trinity, the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit”That is why the Four Leaf Clover is so Lucky… You Get a Bonus Jesus”
“The world record for the most leaves on a clover stem is 18 and was discovered by Shigeo Obara of Hanamaki City, Iwate, Japan on May 25, 2002.” Guinness World Records 2010
A 21-leaf clover found on June 3, 2008 by Iwate prefecture farmer Shigeo Obara and has shattered the Guinness world record for most leaves on a clover stem.
A shamrock is considered to be a young clover.
“The Cloverleaf Interchange” is named for the resemblance of the 4 leaves pattern when seen from atmosphere” – Wikipedia
The lucky clover was successfully cultivated. There are clover with over five leaflets, but they are extremely rare. It is generally thought that more leafs; the luckier it’s.
“A best friend is like a Four Leaf Clover: hard to find and lucky to have.” -Sarah Jessica Parker of popular TV show”sex in the city”.
Kids in the Middle Ages believed they may see fairies if they found a lucky clover.
It’s good luck to find a lucky clover. Clover protects human beings and animals from the charm of magicians and the wiles of fairies, and it brings good luck to those who keep it in the home.
It is thought that finding a lucky clover will bring you fame, health, wealth and a faithful relationship.
According to legend of western civilizations, each of the 4 leafs represent hope, faith, love and luck.
The lucky clover is one of the most popular tattoo themes for body art. It signify”good luck” or an Irish pride or ancestry. It’s often interchangeable with shamrock.
There are several popular song recorded with the titled – four leaf clover. Artist includes: Abra Moore, Badly Drawn Boy,, Erykah Badu and Stryper have songs written about this great luck charm.
Metallica an American heavy metal band recorded”NO LEAF CLOVER” in 1999 as opposite the meaning of”Four Leaf Clover”, the song lyrics explain an unexpected shift from good fortune to bad.
When it comes to beverages, individuals are able to take advantage of numerous ingredients. These ingredients can offer you unique tastes that could satisfy our needs. However, some people add special ingredients for their drinks in order to attain wonderful advantages.
With respect to coffee, more and more folks are adding butter. For some, adding butter to java can be new. However, experts claim that butter coffee is a longstanding tradition in many parts of the world. By adding such ingredient, individuals can make coffee tastier, without undermining the benefits of the coffee. Other than that, experts also claim that butter coffee supplies a wide assortment of health benefits. Following are some of the next.
Help with weight loss
To start with, butter coffee is known to help individuals lose weight. This is possible because grass-fed butter which is often added in java can be metabolized very quickly in the liver. Additionally, experts also claim that butter coffee can cause your body to boost fat-burning, resulting in weight loss. Plus, this coffee is also known to have high omega-3 count which may improve gut health and enhance anti-inflammatory properties.
Features high healthy fats content
Most individuals are aware that fats cause numerous health conditions. High fat intake may also cause risk of breast cancer directly through increased blood estrogen levels. However, butter most notably grass-fed ones are proven to provide healthy fats. And, butter can also be full of fat-soluble vitamins and trace minerals, including beneficial selenium, a powerful antioxidant.
Maintain the brain healthy
Another advantage of drinking butter coffee is that it can keep the mind healthy. In addition, this coffee can act as a mild cognitive enhancer. It can also help reduce anxiety, improve mood, and can help cognitive decline in elderly populations. This type of coffee also provides omega-6 as it can enhance brain function, and normal growth and development.
Ultimately, butter coffee may also help individuals increase their energy. And, butter coffee contains high levels of it. As stated earlier, butter comprises omega-6, which may maintain bone health, regulate metabolism, and keep the reproductive system. As a result, individuals have enough energy to deal with their tasks and duties easily and properly. Butter coffee can also help athletic performance even if you do not have the time to grab breakfast.
These are just a few of the awesome benefits that people can obtain when drinking coffee with grass-fed butter.